The “A Nation at Risk” report was a 1983 report by the National Commission on Excellence in Education, which warned of a “rising tide of mediocrity” in American schools and called for sweeping reforms to improve the quality of education in the United States. The report was highly influential and led to a number of policy changes at the state and federal level. It is often cited as a catalyst for the education reform movement of the 1980s and 1990s.
What is the result of the research ?
The “A Nation at Risk” report highlighted several key findings from its research on the state of American education:
1-Students were not achieving at high levels: Test scores of American students were declining and lagging behind those of other industrialized nations.
2-The curriculum was too narrow: The report argued that the curriculum in American schools was too focused on basic skills and not challenging enough.
3-The school year was too short: The report argued that the school year in the United States was shorter than in other industrialized nations, which contributed to lower student achievement.
4-The school day was too short: The report also argued that the school day in the United States was shorter than in other industrialized nations, which also contributed to lower student achievement.
5-The teaching profession was not held in high regard: The report argued that the teaching profession was not respected or compensated enough which led to a lack of highly qualified teachers.
6-The number of students who drop out of high school was very high: The report stated that the dropout rate was alarmingly high and that one-third of students do not graduate on time.
The report also made several recommendations for improving American education, such as raising academic standards, lengthening the school day and year, and providing more support for teachers
what solution does the report offers ?
The “A Nation at Risk” report offered several solutions to address the issues it identified with American education, including:
1-Raising academic standards: The report called for setting higher standards for what students should know and be able to do in core academic subjects such as mathematics, science, English, and social studies.
2-Lengthening the school day and year: The report argued that the school day and year in the United States were shorter than in other industrialized nations, which contributed to lower student achievement. It recommended increasing the length of the school day and year to match those of other countries.
3-Providing more support for teachers: The report argued that the teaching profession was not respected or compensated enough and that this led to a lack of highly qualified teachers. It recommended providing more support for teachers in the form of better working conditions, higher pay, and more opportunities for professional development.
4-Increase the use of technology: The report recommended the integration of technology in education, to provide more opportunities for students to learn and to improve their skills.
5-Increase the accountability: The report called for more accountability in education, through testing, evaluation, and regular monitoring of students’ progress and teacher performance.
6-Encourage parental involvement: The report recommended encouraging more parental involvement in education, to help create a more supportive and positive learning environment for students.
7-Increase funding for education: The report called for increased funding for education, to support the implementation of these reforms and to improve the overall quality of American education.
It’s worth noting that the report’s recommendations were widely discussed, debated and implemented in different levels, some of them were more successful than others depending on the specific context and implementation.